Don’t just be a bystander. Be a POSITIVE bystander.

Positive bystanders are individuals who witness situations that could lead to violent or criminal events and choose to intervene to prevent the situation from continuing or escalating. The positive bystander model promotes the idea that everyone in the community has a role to play in preventing sexual offenses. This model helps shift the responsibility for preventing sexual offenses from the victim (or potential victim) to the person perpetrating the offense and the individuals who witness the behavior.


Steps YOU Can Take

Here are steps you can take to practice positive bystander behavior:

1. Recognize an event as inappropriate or sexually violent.

These behaviors range from sexist or derogatory language to trying to take an intoxicated person to a private location. Other inappropriate or potentially sexually violent behaviors include intentionally trying to get someone else intoxicated or trying to take advantage of someone who is intoxicated.

Things to think about:

  • Am I aware there is a problem or risky situation?
  • Do I recognize someone needs help?

2. Assume personal responsibility.

Research shows that when more bystanders are present for an emergency or situation that could lead to a criminal event, bystanders are less likely to intervene. When more bystanders are present, individuals assume others will step in and intervene. You can make a real difference by assuming responsibility and stepping in to help the situation.

Things to think about:

  • What are the costs/benefits of taking action?
  • Who else can help?
  • Do I see myself as part of the solution?

3. Determine how to help (and maintain personal safety).

Once you have made the decision to intervene, it is important to come up with an intervention strategy that is productive for the situation and ensures your safety, as well the safety of those involved. You can be creative in your approach; it does not always have to be confrontational. Try using a distraction or asking others to help you intervene.

Things to think about:

  • How can I keep myself safe?
  • What are my available options?
  • Do I see others as part of the solution?

4. Speak up and intervene!

Now that you have thought through your strategy, carry out your plan. After you have intervened, check in with the person needing help to make sure they are okay and they feel safe.

Things to think about:

  • Have I told everyone I need to about the problem?
  • Is everyone safe now?
  • How can I make sure the situation stays safe?

If there is an immediate crisis, call 911 or Campus Security Emergency at (573) 876-7299.

For all other concerns, call the Title IX office at (573) 876-7250 or Ext. 4250.

Office of Title IX

Shannon Walls,
Title IX Coordinator
(573) 876-7250 or Ext. 4250 [email protected] Student Development Suite in Stamper Commons Report an Incident

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